Protection from ticks
In the miniencyclopedia "Around Baikal", the issuie of 2001, is written:
"Actually, sitting on a grass or bush growing along roads and
tracks, ticks clutch to clothes of a passing person. Then they move
to free parts of a body, more often on a spin, neck, hair,inguinal
areas and areas of arm-pits, where skin is more tender. A tick
drills skin with sharp proboscis and drinks blood, then various
diseases such as a fever Q can be transmitted to a person,
tularemia, Laima illness and most dangerous - vernal encephalitis.
Most effective means of preventive maintenance is a vaccination
against vernal encephalitis, which are necessary being made
beforehand, in November - March, not less than 44 days prior to date
of departure. The vaccination do not guarantee full protection
against contamination by an encephalitis, but considerably easy weep
For obtaining vaccination it is necessary to have: the policy
mandatory of medical insurances, certificate about contraindications,
passport. 1st vaccination is made 44 days before, 2nd 1is made 14
days prior to departing in a place of the locus.
During travel in forest it is necessary to conduct
self-inspections, and even better inspections one another (as it is
possible more often, since active tick can stick through 15 min).
Specially you have to examine attentevely skin on a head, behind
ears, arm-pits, inguinal area, neck .
It's necessary to bivouac far from trees and bush on solar and
cleared from a dry grass and windfallen trees place.
If a tick have stuck, it is necessary to lubricate with an oil,
fat, kerosene or cover with open port of a vial with water on 10-15
minutes, to shut windpipe of the tick, wait while he will choke,
after that extract it by cautious swinging motion from a body.
It is not recommended intensively cauterize it with eau-de-Cologne
or alcohol, it can result in destruction and desiccation of the tick,
that will complicate its deleting.
Having skills, it is possible to eliminate tick with thread,
having made a closed loop and expanding threads in the different
sites. Then swing tick with sluggish motions and drag. A wound is
treated by Iodum or alcohol. Hands are washed with soap.
For scaring away of tongs it is recommended to use anti-tick
pencil and creams, such as "Deta", which are put on a tissue of
trousers below knees and around of a thoracal cage".